Endhiran (The Robot, India 2010)

Aish and Rajni with a damaged hand from Chitti

Already quoted as the most expensive Indian film so far, Endhiran (the Tamil title – it is also dubbed into Hindi as Robot and Telugu as Robo) opens with something I’ve read about but not seen before – a credit for ‘Superstar Rajni’. Many (most?) South Indian stars have just the one name, but Rajnikanth doesn’t even bother with that. Promoted by his fans as India’s highest paid star, Rajnikanth plays opposite the Queen of Bollywood, Aishwarya Rai – who is of course equally at home in the South. She looks stunning throughout the film and she also looks like she’s having a wonderful time, pitching her performance perfectly so that it never topples into camp, but still radiates with her enjoyment.

Whatever anyone says about Rajnikanth, he sure works hard as he is on the screen for virtually the whole film and not just once but twice at the same time. The plot introduces us to Rajni as Dr. Vaseegaran, a scientist working in robotics who has produced a fully-functioning android robot, finished to look just like himself and named ‘Chitti’. ‘Vasee’ wants to present his robot to the Indian Army – to save the lives of those who might be killed on the battlefield. There is no suggestion as to how Vasee might have funded the years of work necessary to produce the robot – nor is there discussion of how much he might earn from the Army. This is a certain kind of Indian patriotism which reminded me of Mani Ratnam’s Roja and is referred to as ‘Tamil nativity’ by Indian film scholars. Two problems stand in Vasee’s way. He has neglected his girlfriend Sana (Aishwarya Rai) and his boss at the lab/research group, Dr. Bora is jealous. Bora (Danny Denzongpa) demands that Vasee improves Chitti’s intelligence so that he won’t attack people without reason – an interesting reference to Isaac Asimov’s ‘Three Laws of Robotics’. (The script for the film derived initially from work by the scientist and writer Sujatha who died just as the film was going into production.) As Vasee works on upgrading Chitti he succeeds in developing emotional responses in the robot – which inevitably means that he/it will fall for Sana. In the second half of the film Dr. Bora becomes more obviously the villain and in the final action scenes, Chitti is turned into a killing machine and duplicates himself many times in some amazing action scenes.

It’s hard to know where to begin evaluating a film like this. The cliché about Indian popular cinema is made flesh in the ‘masala movie’ – the ‘spice mixture’ of genre elements. Endhiran is the ultimate masala movie. There is romance (the scenes when Vasee is trying to win Sana back in the first third). There is science fiction with high-end visual effects, comedy is throughout and so is action. The songs and dances and are all there – and then there are the talking mosquitoes (!) and an animatronic baby shown in its ‘real’ mother’s womb.

To take the film on its own terms, I would argue that:

  • Rajni and Aishwarya Rai are very good – both together and separately. They are genuine stars with undeniable charisma and a chemistry on screen. The difference between Rajni and the Bollywood stars is that Rajni has remained a star for the ‘ordinary fan’. The former bus driver from Maharashtra doesn’t comport himself like an upper middle-class star who appeals more to NRIs.
  • The music from A R Rahman is also very good and the choreography by Prabhu Deva is excellent. The location shooting at Machu Picchu is a first, I think, and the interior sets work well with nods to Metropolis and Star Wars.
  • The CGI work from India, Hong Kong and Hollywood (The Stan Winston’s Studio work is evident in the nods to Terminator etc.) is incredibly inventive. I’m not familiar enough with Hollywood effects these days to make a real comparison but Endhiran‘s look pretty good to me.

Aishwarya Rai in one of the set piece dances

The Machu Picchu dance sequence

Overall, credit is due to director S. Shankar and cinematographer R. Rathnavelu for producing a film which matches Hollywood for less than half the cost. The reported budget is Rs. 162 crores (1,620 million or $36.5 million). It also easily matches and possibly exceeds Bollywood (i.e. Hindi Cinema). Reliable box office figures are hard to come by in India and especially in Tamil Nadu. What we know so far is that this film has broken records everywhere in its home state and amongst the diaspora in the Gulf and Malaysia. It performed only modestly in the North being outgunned by the Bollywood release Anjana Anjani. But in the UK, Endhiran triumphed. On just 30 screens it made No 11 in the chart with a screen average of nearly £10,000 or three times more than most of the other top entries. In North America it was even more sensational, making No 12 with a screen average of nearly $24,000 on just 64 screens. The Telugu version, Robo, was also on 36 screens and made over $5,000 per screen. In both the US and the UK, Endhiran outscored the Bollywood release despite showing on less screens.

Film fans in the South are unique. Rajni is treated like a demigod. There are unconfirmed reports that tickets in Chennai multiplexes were exchanging hands at Rs 1,000 or Rs 1,500 ($30 or more) – the usual price is Rs 100 or less. Some Chennai cinemas opened at 4.30 am to accommodate crowds. Even in Dubai, screenings began at 7.30 am. We watched the Hindi-dubbed version in Bradford in a more or less empty cinema in the afternoon. I wish we could have seen it in London with a wild Tamil crowd.

I need to see it again to work through everything that happens: I’m particularly interested in Vasee’s temper and the way in which he ‘mistreats’ the robot. But I think I can safely say that anyone truly interested in global cinema should go and see this in the cinema. If this is still ‘regional cinema’ I’ll start talking to mosquitoes! The latest news is that Shankar is thinking of re-making 3 Idiots as a Tamil film. I wish he would consider instead adapting Chetan Bhagat’s 2 States which takes a Punjabi guy to Chennai in pursuit of the girl he wants to marry. That could really bring North and South together.

Official website

YouTube trailer (the quality of the trailer does not match the film) from Sun Network, the major South Indian media conglomerate that wholly financed the film:


  1. Just Another Film Buff

    Aha, I didn’t love it as much as you, Roy, but I thought this was enjoyably campy, with no unwarranted burden of logical storytelling on its back.

    I also felt it could be read as an allegory of the mismatch between the real Rajni and the Raini image in post-Rajni Kollywood. Kollywood today is obsessed with the Rajni image, with every actor/fan trying to assimilate it. It’s a truly postmodern situation where the real Rajni-ness has lost its meaning and the evergreen image of him as an invulnerable superhero remains and proliferates while Rajni himself is ready for retirement. This desire for retaining and not bequeathing this superstar image informs ENDHIRAN to a large extent (apart from the obvious Freudian undertones). It’s Rajni trying to assert his uniqueness over countless unoriginal copies.


    • venicelion

      Interesting points that you make, Srikanth. It’s not that I love the film as such, rather that I’m excited to have the opportunity to see it on a big screen, albeit dubbed (and I should have pointed out that the dubbing is very well done – as far as it is possible for me to tell). You say it was ‘campy’ but I think that you need the local knowledge to be able to make that judgement. As I indicated, there are several strange aspects to the plot and to the presentation of Rajni’s star image that I need to think about. Presumably, re your comment on the ‘Rajni-ness’ losing its meaning, this is not an issue for the fan clubs? I’ve read an argument that suggests that the Tamil diaspora is less ‘middle-class’ than the Northern diaspora and therefore more likely to remain attracted to the Rajni image which might explain why the film seems to be doing well outside India compared to its relative failure in the North. One last point – I find it rather disturbing that Rajnikanth has so enthusiastically endorsed Bal Thackeray.


      • Just Another Film Buff

        Whoa! Never knew about that. What ever did he say? All I heard was that he visited Thackeray…

        I didn’t mean that Rajni-ness has lost its meaning, but that people are so stuck with his image that they’ve killed the man behind it and opted for numerous recognizable imitations (almost all the young actors seem to be doing Rajni, including his son in law, Dhanush). People seem to love spoofs, talent show perfs and even commercials that mimic Rajni, SO I thought Endhiran was the real one’s way of saying: There can only be one Superstar!


  2. badrirag

    I am happy I did not read this post before watching the movie ’cause i would have been aware. you have covered the story line (the little there is) quite beautifully and coherently.

    You might want to read my review of Endhiran at http://badrirag.wordpress.com/2010/11/07/endhiran-what-i-liked-and-didnt/ and give me your feedback.

    If your claim that tickets changed hands for Rs.1000 or Rs.1500 in Chennai is true, then Recession is Officially Over. Mr Pranab, Dr Manmohan Singh and Mr P Chidambaram can claim credit for the economic upswing.

    Let’s include Endhiran collections in the Sensex too!!


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